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Are we to reject the Hindu astronomical calculations formulated and adopted by such celebrated exponents of the celestial science as Varahamihira, Bhaskara, Sripathi and others, because they seem to clash with modern ones, whirb accept the ancient astrological principles? A Varahamihira or a Kalidasa, who has bequeathed to us such master-pieces as Brihat Jataka and Uttara Kalamritha could not have been so ignortant or indifferent as to give room for such fallacies, inconsistencies and errors which we are trying to find out in their writings.

It would be the height of folly and absurdity to estimate their conclusions in matters of astronomy and astrology in the light of our own developments or achievements in those branches of knowledge. Modern decisions and con- clusions cannot be taken as criteria for judging the accuracy or otherwise of the ancient Hindu Astronomers. The extreme accuracy and XXIV precision to which we lay claim are often times questionable. It is true that no satisfactory agreement could be found between the writings of any two people even, in ancient books.

But what of it? Do all modern calculations tally with each other? Certainly not. Take for instance the measurement of terrestrial lati- tudes. Each reference book, an authority in its own way, differs decidedly from the other. Lat ; which of these is correct? Therefore it is useless to reject the ancient methods of calculations completely, because they clash with ours and replace them entirely by those of- modern times.

Most of the theories of to-day are simply tentative ; they have not, as yet, been established. The statements of some of the astronomers are really ludicrous and excite sympathy in the hearts of sober men for such perverted views. Modern calculations alone cannot be accepted as correct or accurate for astrological purposes and the ancient ones rejected. Moreover the ancient Hindu astronomers dreaded secular interference in matters of astronomy for astrological purposes. The ancient Maharishis were past masters of the first magnitude in almost all branches of knowledge. That they discoveved many XXV phenomena by mere observation alone cannot be vouchsafed.

The plane of observation employed by them was certainly quite different from that of the modern scientists. The art of Yoga is peculiar to them. Not being satisfied with the nature of the phenomena revealed by glasses and other material objects, they dived deep into the unfathomable depths of Yoga by means of which they were able to see things in their reality, face to face.

This clearly suggests, that to get at truth, so far as the celestial and distant objects are concerned, we must view them by something other than glasses, as there are many media between them and the earth, whose refracting and dispersing powers, we do not know much about. Thus they had the gift of Yoga, the fragments of which we see even unto this day, which helped them to a great extent in their expeditions in unveiling the mysteries surrounding the phenomenon of the celestial bodies.

Is the first figure wrong because it differs from the second? The Hindu method yields as correct results as the modern method. The sciences of Hindu Astronomy and Astrology have got into disrepute by the igno- rance of the fake and quack astrologers and astronomers, whose mercenary nature make them impervious and indifferent to the grave responsibilities that lie on their heads, and such an attitude of these people is directly traceable to the lethargic mentality of many of our indolent Rajas and Maharajas who, while spending immense sums on useless and XXV11 chimerical purposes, are completely deaf towards rehabilitating such useful sciences as astrology and astronomy.

The perfection of predictive astrology among the ancient Hindus was really marvellous; and to-day, we have lost that power. Even with sound mathematical basis, our predictions are generally vague and indefinite — except for a few, made by the real experts in this science. Is it because, our inductive faculty is marred by the too much precision we aim at, or are we on the wrong tract. Are we not wasting much of our precious time by entering into profitless discus- sions and controversies as regards house division, ascrrbing rulerships to the so called newly discovered planets, finding the rationale of the significations of the different houses of the Zodiac, etc.

The greater portion of our time must be devoted to the practical study of astrology. This requires a moderate knowledge of astrological calculations. For instance, in determining Ayurdaya, Maraka Grahas death inflicting planets and the time of death, we should ascertain the relative sources of strength and weakness of the different planets. This requires a fair knowledge of Shadbalas. And with our present knowledge in the predictive art, we do not require to be so precise as to find out. Bearing this in mind, if the reader goes through this volume, without any bias or prepos- session, he will really find much useful informa- tion presented in quite an intelligible manner.

Throughout the book, in the examples worked out, fractions less than half a Ghati or 30" of Arc have been rejected. If the reader is patient enough he can consider the minutest divisions and maintain the degree of accuracy he wants In the determination of Madhya Lagm 10th Bhava , the Hindus do not consider the Sidereal Time of Birth. Besides, the Bhojya and Bhuktha portions of a sign are found out by the application of rule of three assuming that equal arcs ascend at equal times.

These two are considered, by some recent writers as fallacies or errors. But they are not fallacies at all astrologically because, XXIX perhaps the ancients thought, that it would not make much difference, whether the ascension of Arc was calculated arithmetically or by more re- fined modern methods for astrological purposes. They had their own reasons which remain inexplicable to assume so many things, which look controvertible to-day. We have not the slightest justifiable ground to label them as incorrect and eulogise our own conclusions as eminently correct.

We have lost the power of Yoga, we cannot see things face to face by physical aids. And hence we can neither depreciate the one nor appreciate the other. Each has its own faults and perfections and we must as far as possible adopt the Hindu method of calculations for applying Hindu astrological principles. Bettahalsoor, Bangalore, 5th October The Books You Love to Read! By Dr. RAMAN 1. A Text-Book of Hindu Astrology. Suryanarain Rao, B. Price : Rs. Graha and Bhava Balas. In typescript.

Ayurveda or the Hindu System of Medicine. Crow, D. Printed on excellent paper. Ghose, M. Price : Re. Varshaphal or Annual Reading. Price ; Rs. Apply to : — Dr. Raman, P. Suryanarain Row, b. Editor , Astrological Magazine. Astrological Self-Instructor. English Translation of Jataka Chan- drika.

English Translation of Sarvarthachin- tamani. English Translation of Brihat Jataka elaborate notes. An Introduction to the Study of Astro- logy. Royal Horoscopes Horary Astrology Astrological Mirror. Female Horoscopy or Strijataka Illustrative Horoscopes Apply to : — The Astrological Magazine, P. Important Books for Sale Rs. Jashan Jyotish Darpan — by Jashanmal Kimatrai Subrah- manya Sastry Subrah- manya Sastry, in 2 Vols. Subrahmanya Sastry Yoga Personal Hygiene— by Shri Yogendra 10 0 6.

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Rhythmic Exercises — by Yogendra Sarwarthachintamani — by Prof. Surya- narain Rao, in 3 Vols. Jaimini Sutras — by Prof. Suryanarain Rao 2 0 9. Pre-natal Astrology — by F. Astrological Prediction — by P. Harwood 4 0 Apply to : — B. Nanjunda Rao, P. It is a circle and as such it knows no beginning or end. In order to measure the distance, an arbitrary point is established, which is called the first point of Aries. The zodiac revolves once in a day on its axis, from east to west. The Ecliptic. This is known as apamandala or Ravi marga in Sanskrit. It passes exactly through the centre of the zodiac longitudinally.

The Signs of the Zodiac. Each sign has its own peculiar qualities attributed to it by the ancient Maharishis, after careful and profound observation and meditation. As already observed above, the commencement of the zodiac is reckoned from the first point of Aries. Each degree is divided into sixty minutes and each minute is further subdivided into sixty seconds, so that, the total extent of the zodiac is 21, minutes or , seconds. The Rasis and the Nakshatras are both reckoned from the same point, viz.

II is the first point of Aswini. The Planetary System. Suryanarain Rao, b. All the planets, save the central luminary, are held by the gravi- tation of the Sun and they all revolve round him, the period of revolution varying with reference to each planet. Along with these are included Rahu and Kethu — considered as Aprakashaka gr alias or shadowy planets ; and moreover their importance does not seem to have been stressed upon by writers on Mathematical Astrology, for they partake of the characteristics of the signs which they occupy, whilst later writers on Judicial Astrology, invariably recognise their influences in the analysis of a horoscope.

Saturn is the most distant planet from the earth; Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, Mercury and the Moon, come next in the order of their distance. Rotation and Revolution. Velocities of Planets. For instance, the Moon is our nearest planet and consequently she has a very swift motion.

She travels round the zodiac once in 30 lunar days ; whereas, Saturn who is the most distant from us, has got the slowest motion and accordingly performs one revolution round the ecliptic once in thirty years. The planets do not maintain a uniform rate of movement, for various causes. The following are the approximate periods taken by each planet to make a circuit round the zodiac.

The Sun moves at the rate of roughly one degree a day or J days for one complete revolution. The Moon takes 27 days 7 hours and odd for a similar circuit. Mars takes 18 months for one revolution. Mercury requires a similar period as the Sun but his closeness to the Sun makes Mercury rather unsteady with the result that he often takes 27 days to pass through one sign.

Jupiter requires roughly twelve years for a circuit. Venus has more or less the same velocity as the Sun. And Saturn moves for thirty months in a sign. All the planets have savya or direct motion, while Rahu and Kethu have Apasavya gathi, i. The Velocities of Planets. Retrogression and Acceleration. All the planets are subject to retrogression and acceleration excepting the Sun and the Moon, let alone the Aprakashaka grahas.

Hence we find that there is no uniformity in the velocities of planets, that they are different at different parts of the orbits and that the planetary orbits are elliptical. The vakra, athichara, etc. The importance of vakra, etc. Those who wish to soar into the higher regions of astronomy will do well to study such celebrated works as Surya Siddhanta, Panchasiddhantika, etc. Rasis and their Extent. Its English Its Its! Vrishabha Taurus b 30 60 3. Mithuna Gemini n 60 90 4. Kataka Cancer SB 90 5. Simha Leo a 6.

Vrischika Scorpio Ill 9. Dhanus Sagittarius V Makara Capricornus lrp Kumbha Aquarius Meena Pisces X Nakshatras and their Extent. Aries 1. Bharani 4 26 40 3. Rohini 4 53 20 5. Mrigasira 2 60 0 3. Gemini Mrigasira 2 66 40 6. Aridra 4 80 0 7. Punarvasu 3 90 0 4. Cancer Punarvasu 1 93 20 8. Pushyami 4 40 9. Aslesha 4 0 5. Leo Makha 4 20 Uttara 1 0 6. Virgo Uttara 3 0 Hasta 4 20 Chitta 2 0 7. Libra Chitta 2' 40 Swathi 4 0 Vishaka 3 0 8. Scorpio Vishaka 1 20 Anuradha 4 40 Jyesta 4 0 9. Sagittarius Moola 4 20 Poorvashada 4 40 Sravana 4 20 Dhanishta 2 0 Aquarius Dhanishta 2 40 Satabhisha 4 0 Poorva- bhadra 3 0 Poorva- bhadra 1 20 Uttara- bhadra 4 40 Revathi 4 0 The above table may be interpreted thus.

It will be seen that there are 27 constellations comprising the 12 signs. For instance, take Aries. What use this table will be of, the reader will realise after he has gone through some more pages. All other details necessary for predictions, which can be gathered from any astrological work has been scrupulously omitted. Movable Signs. Fixed Signs. Common Signs. Odd Signs. Even Signs. Signs of Long Ascension. Signs of Short Ascension. Sirodaya Signs. Prustodaya Signs. The Sirodaya signs excepting Gemini are powerful during the day.

The Prustodaya signs including Gemini are powerful during the night. The former are also called the Nocturnal signs and the latter the Diurnal signs. Pisces forms a combination of the two and is called Ubhayodaya Rasi. Succeedent Houses. Cadent Houses. Planetary Ownerships. The Sun is debili- tated in the 10th degree of Libra, the Moon 3rd of Scorpio and so on.

Good and Evil Planets. From the 10th bright half of the Lunar month the Moon is full. He is weak from the 10th of the dark half. Moola Thrikonas. Planetary Relations. Friendship will be both permanent Nai- sargika and temporary Tatkalika. Grahas Friends. Mitras Neutrals. Samas Enemies. Satrus Sun. Moon, Mars Jupiter. Saturn, Venus. Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Venus. Mars , Jupiter, Moon, Sun. Sun, Venus. Saturn, Mars, Jupiter. Mercury, Venus. Mercury, Saturn. Mars, Jupiter. Moon, Sun.

Venus, Mercury. Mars, Moon, Sun. Many function as producing, rather promoting the incidents ascribed to them. English Symbol. Karaka equivalent. The Astrological Measure. They are Rupas, Virupas and Prarupas. The Axis and Poles of the Earth.

Full text of "A Manual Of Hindu Astrology B V Raman Edition"

The poles of the earth are its points where its axis meets its surface and they are the North Pole and the South Pole. The equator divides the earth into a northern and a southern hemisphere. The Latitude Akshamsa. The Longitude Rekhamsa. It is expressed as so many degrees, minutes and seconds, East or West of Greenwich according to where the place lies. The Celestial Equator Nadivritta. The Celestial Latitude Kshepa. The Declination Kranti. It is positive or negative according as the celestial object is situated in the northern or southern hemisphere. The Equinoctial Points. On these two days the duration of day and night will be equal all the world over.

These two points are known as the equinoctial points or the Vernal Equinox and the Autumnal Equinox. Precession of the Equinoxes. It is not merely the earth or the solar system, but the entire zodiac that is subjected to this westward motion. This slight increment — retrograde motion of the equinoxes — is known as the Precession of the Equinoxes.

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Movable and Fixed Zodiacs. The zodiac which reckons the first degree of Aries from the equinoctial point which has a precession every year is the Movable Zodiac — whilst, in the case of the Fixed Zodiac, the first degree of Aries begins from a particular star in the Revati group of stars which is fixed. The movable zodiac is also termed as the Zodiac of Signs while the fixed zodiac is known as the Zodiac of Constellations, as its signs are almost identical with the constellations bearing the same names.

The Sayana and the Nirayana Systems. The system of astronomy which recognises the movable zodiac belongs to the Sayana school while that which considers the fixed zodiac is termed as the Nirayana system. The Sayana is the one employed by western astrologers for predictive purposes while the Hindu astrologers use the fixed zodiac. He states, that in his time, the summer solistice coincided with the first degree of Cancer, and the winter solistice with the first degree of Capricorn, whereas at one time the summer solistice coincided with the middle of the Aslesha.

Exact date of Coincidence not known. A number of dates is given as the year of the coincidence, viz. No definite proof is available in favour of any one of the dates given above. No amount of mere specu- lation would be of any use, especially in such matters. Some attribute these differences to the supposed errors in Hindu observations. What- ever they may be, it is not our purpose here to enter into any sort of discussion which would be purely of academical interest apd absolutely outside our limits.

As such without worrying the reader with the technicalities USE OF AYANAMSA 21 involved in the discussion a most vital question like that of the Precession of the Equinoxes we shall directly enter into sqfting below, a simple method for ascertaining the Ayanamsa, which will serve the purpose of any scientific astrologer and which would enable the reader to thoroughly understand and follow the principles described in the following pages.

Use of Ayanamsa. Since the object of this book is not to enter into any discussion about the superiority of this or that system, or the justification of adopting any particular value as the Ayanamsa, but to clearly describe and expound principles necessary for correct computation of a horoscope mathema- tically, according to the prescribed rules and 22 A MANUAL OF HINDU ASTROLOGY determine the various sources of strength and weakness of planets and discover other details that,, are within the reach of mathematical astrology and thus clear the way for making correct predictions, we do not, propose to lay any further stress on this question of Ayanamsa.

From these the Ayanamsa is subtracted and thus the Nirayana Bhavas, etc. All these indicate the absolute necessity forAya- namsa. Determination of Approximate Aya- namsa. Example 7. Example 2.

But the Ayanamsa for the moment can be determined by consider- ing the precession for the odd days also. Geographic and Geocentric Latitudes. The latitudes of places marked in any ordinary atlas are the geographical latitudes. Because they are calculated on the supposition that the earth is a perfect sphere, while on the other hand, the flattened ends at the two poles, make it a spheriod, so that, the latitude measured from the true centre of the spheriod, is the geocentric latitude. For astrological purposes, it would be hardly worthwhile making any distiirction whatever between the geocentric and geographic latitude of a place.

We can adopt the former alone for astrological calculations. It is impossible to find out the actual Lagna Ascendant in a horoscope or the different Bhavas Houses or the sunrise and sunset in any place without a knowledge of the Rasimanas, which vary from Akshamsa latitude to Akshamsa. From this is subtracted the Ayanamsa and the appropriate time of oblique ascension and thus is gSt the Nirayana Rasimana. If the division of the zodiac into 12 signs be taken to commence from the equinoctial point, their rising periods for any particular place will not vary from year to year.

Say, for instance, two men are born at the same time, one in Bangalore and 'the other in Berlin. Their latitudes are different. The rising periods of the signs in Bangalore must be quite different from those in Berlin. The sunrise and sunset in both the places cannot be the same. Therefore the rising periods in the different latitudes must be definitely known before casting a horoscope. The ascen- sional difference is the same, in respect of the same sign, for places situated in the same latitude.

To be more clear, the rising periods on the equator where the Charakhanda is zero — being known, it is possible to calculate the Rasimanas for any latitude, provided, its Charakhandas are also known. Rising Periods on the Equator. Determination of Rasimanas. J That is, in the case of from Aries to Gemini and from Capricorn to Pisces, subtract the Charakhandas and from Cancer to Virgo and from Libra to Sagittarius add the Charakhandas of the required place and the rising periods of signs there, are obtained.

These must be applied to any one of four triads as given above, into which the zodiacal signs are divided — commencing always from the Sayana Mesha, i. The following examples will clear the meaning. Example 3. Taurus 1, — 1, 4 3 7i 3. Gemini 1, — 53 1, 5 13 4. Pisces 1, — 1, 4 12 21, 21, 60 0 Example 4. Chara- Tl? Aries 1, Gh. Cancer 1, 4- 2, 6 13 5. Duration of Signs in South Latitudes. The additive and subtractive Charakhandas of North Latitudes, become subtractive and additive respectively, in case of South Latitudes.

For e. It is to be noted that signs of short ascension in N. Latitudes are signs of long ascension in S. Apparent Time of Rising and Setting of the Sun. Since the Sun has a definite diameter, the interval between the moment of the appearance of the. If this is so, which represents the exact moment of sunrise? It has been acknow- ledged that it is the moment at which the centre of the solar disc rises at the eastern horizon, that marks the sunrise at the particular place.

It must also be noted that on account of the refraction of the solar rays, due to the various strata enveloping the earth, the Sun is not really at the horizon where he appears to be so but is really below the horizon by about a few minutes of arc Rekha. But we can take the apparent time as almost correct and need not worry ourselves with the so called delicate correct time of rising.

Apparent Noon. The apparent noon is almost the same for all places. Ahas and Ratri. On the equator, the Ahas and Ratri are always 30 ghatis or 12 hours each, while in other latitudes, the sum of Ahas and Ratri will be 24 hours, whereas the interval between sunrise and sunset and vice versa, varies, this variation depending upon the decli- nation of the Sun and the latitude of the place. If we knew either of these arcs, we could find out sunrise and sunset. In dealing with the question of the Preces- sion of the Equinoxes, we have called attention to the fact that on the days when the Sun occupies the equinoctial points, i.

On these two days the declination kranti of the Sun is zero. During his northerly course, when he will haye a north declination, the duration of days is longer than that of nights, i. During his southerly course, when he will have a south declination, the duration of days is longer than that 'of nights in south latitudes, and the reverse holds good for north latitudes.

Hindu Method of Determination of Sunrise and of Sunset.

Sun enters Scorpio

This can be done from any local reliable almanac. See Chapter VII for determining longitudes of planets. To this add Ayanamsa and the Sayana Ravi at sunrise is obtained : or the position of the Sayana Sun can be obtained by means of any modern ephemeris in which the positions of planets are to be found for Greenwich Mean Noon. By converting the approximate time local of sunrise to Greenwich mean time, the position of Sayana Surya — for sunrise can be found out. The Charakhandas given in three numbers are called the Adi first , Madhya middle and Anthya last Charakhandas.

The Adichara- khanda itself will be the first khanda ; this plus the madhya, the second khanda ; and the sum of the three Charakhandas , the third khanda. The quotient represents the khanda. The result is chara. Then the required quantity itself will be chara. If the Sayana Sun is in Uttara north Gola hemisphere , i. If he is in the Southern Gola from Libra to Pisces subtract this from 15 ghatis.

The result is Dinardha half diurnal duration. Twice this is the length of day. This deducted from 60 ghatis 24 hours gives the length of night. Convert Dinardha into hours, etc. The apparent time of sunset and of sunrise respectively of the place are bbtained. Example 5. Long, on 16th October A. First Middle Last Adi. Madhya Anthya Charakhandas Rule 3. Some say, that this method is riddled with certain errors. I have spoken sufficiently about the supposed errors that have crept into Hindu calculations in the Introduction to this book.

I shall also give below, the modern method of the calculation of sunrise and of sunset and the reader can adopt whichever he prefers. I shall apply this method to the examples worked out for the Hindu method so that the results in both the cases may be compared. Those who want to adopt the Hindu method may do so: and those who are in a position to work out problems in trigonometry may employ the modern method. Note down the latitude of the place and apply the following formula. Ascensional Difference. The reverse holds good for places in south latitudes. The result is local apparent time of setting.

This subtracted from 12 hours gives local apparent time of sunrise. Long, on 16th October This converted to G. The difference between Greenwich Mean Noon and G. Therefore, we may take the declination of the Sun at G. The declination may be determined for 12 h. This converted into G. Since G. Equation of Time. We obtain by the above methods the apparent time of sunrise. For this must be applied the equation of time in order to get the mean time, i.

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This wifi give the Right ascension expressed in time of the Sun ; or we shall call this, for the sake of con- venience, the Sun Time. Example 9. Sayana Longitude of Sun at G. This must be added to the Apparent Time of sunrise in order to get the Mean Time of sunrise. We add this because Sun Time is greater than Side- real Time. Mean Time of Sunrise and of Sunset.

Add or subtract the Equation of Time to or from the apparent time of sunrise or of sunset , the respective Mean Time is obtained. Example The apparent time of sunrise was 7 10 A. Calculate the Apparent Time of sunrise and of sunset according to the Hindu method as given in Article Then instead of working out the problem for ascertaining the Equation of Time, the reader may conveniently find out the Equation of Time by referring to Table III, given at the end of the book. Then apply this Equation of Time to get the Mean Time of sunrise and of sunset by adopting the rules contained in Article Hindu Chronology.

It begins with a Tatpara and ends in a Kalpa equal to 4,,, Sidereal years. The Hindu day an apparent solar day begins from sunrise and ends with the next sunrise. I shall also introduce to the reader the three kinds of days now in vogue, though it is not worthwhile wasting any time over remem- bering them. This is known as Nakshatra Dina among the Hindus and this is the time the fixed stars take to come round the Pole once. This is longer than the Sidereal day by about four minutes. Two kinds of months are generally in vogue among the Hindus, viz. The Chandramana is based upon the movements of the Moon in the celestial circle.

The Solar month is the time, the Sun takes to move in one sign. The month varies in duration according to the number of days the Sun takes to move in a sign. When the Sun enters into the new sign during the course of the lunation, the month is intercalary Adhika Masa and is baptised by the name of that which precedes or succeeds it with some prefix to distinguish it from the regular month. The Hindus have a Solar rather Sidereal year, which is their astronomical year, and a Lunar year which is their civil year.

The lengths of the various years are as follows according to modern calculations : — D. The Tropical year Local Mean Time. It is noon of local time on any day when the Sun reaches its highest point in the day. It is to be specially noted that the time shown by clocks and watches at any particular day is hardly the correct local mean time. Great care should be taken to see that watches and clocks, from which birth-times are recorded are accurate. Therefore, the first thing is to ascertain the correct local mean time of birth. The local mean time of a place depends upon its longitude, evidently terrestrial.

In all Hindu astrological calculations the meridian of Ujjain was being taken when reckoning time or longitude, but now Greenwich is taken as the centre for such pur- poses. The local time of a place L. In other words, if it is 12 noon at Greenwich, it will be 12 h. To reduce longitude into time, simply divide the number of degrees, minutes, etc. Dividing this by 15 we get 5 h. The place being East of Greenwich, it will be 5 h. The local mean time can be obtained by adding to or subtracting from the Greenwich Mean Time, four minutes to every degree of longitude, according as the place is East or West of Greenwich.

The L. Standard Time. If the birth is recorded in L. In India Standard Time was introduced on and it is about 5 h. Before this, probably the Sun Dial Time was in existence, in which case, this can be converted into L. For births that have occurred after , if the time is recorded in Standard Time, it must be ccyiverted into L. Generally our clocks show Standard Time. For instance, Bangalore is 5 h. East of Greenwich ; when it is noon at Greenwich the L. The Standard Horoscope.

This horoscope will henceforth be termed as the Standard Horoscope. Fast of G. Suryodayadi Jananakala Ghatikaha. First ascertain the local mean time of birth and of sunrise and then apply the following rule. Sunrise L. Birth Time L. Number of ghatis passed from sunrise up to birth Born on at A. Find Suryodayadi Jananakala Ghatikaha. Hindu Almanac. As such I have reserved discretion to expound those principles in a separate book, and for the present, simply describe the method commonly adopted by all astrological students and adepts.

Any reliable almanac will serve our purpose. There are still a few standard Panchangas almanacs which can be trusted for astrological purposes. Method of Making Graha Sphutas. Find out the time at which the same planet enters the next quarter of the constellation. Mark the interval in ghatis between the entry of the planet into these two quarters. Mark also the interval between the first entry and the birth time and proceed as follows : — Formula a For all Planets. Formula b For the Moon. Its Nirayana longitude is obtained.

The Almanac for gives the following information : Sun enters 2nd of Chitta at Ghatis. Time elapsed from the entry of the Sun into the 2nd of Chitta which is nearest to the birth up to the moment of birth : — Gh. We know that the last three quarters of Uttara, the four of Hasta and the first two of Chitta constitute Kanya Virgo. Nirayana Longitudes of Planets. Graha Planet Sphashta Longitude Sun.

Lagna or Ascendant;— Lagna or the ascendant is that point of the cliptic, which is at any time on the eastern horizon, and is expressed in signs, degrees, etc. Solar Months. The twelve solar months are named after the twelve zodiacal signs. On the first day of Aries the first degree of that particular sign is at the eastern horizon, and the remaining signs are gradually exposed till the next day when at the sunrise, the second degree of Aries will be at the eastern horizon.

The sunrise takes place on the last degree of the Zodiac on the 30th day of Pisces when the solar year closes, i. The sunrise determines the Udaya Lagna and the degree and the sign in which the Sun rises, will be the Ascendant at that moment. Determination of Lagna. Ascertain the sign of the ecliptic the Sun is in, the degrees he has traversed in it, and those he has yet to pass through. The number of degrees he has gained are the Bhukthamsas, and those to cover, the Bhogyamsas. Now from the Rasimanas of the place, find out the Bhogya Kala, i.

Now from the Ishta Kala the time for which the Lagna is to be found subtract the Bhogya time and from the remainder subtract the periods of rising of the next successive signs as long as you can. Then at last you will find the sign, the rising period of which being greater than the remainder, you will not be able to subtract and which is consequently called the Ashuddha sign and its rising period the Ashuddha rising. It is evident that the Ashuddha sign is of course on the horizon at the given time. The degrees of the Ashuddha sign which are above the horizUn, are the passed degrees and hence called the Bhuktha — are thus found.

Add to these passed degrees thus determined, the preceding signs reckoned from the first point of Aries and from the total subtract, the Ayanamsa. The remainder represents the Lagna from the Stellar Aries. Rasi Kundali.

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The diagram given below is the one generally in vogue in South India. The Dasama Bhava. It is on the correct determination of this that rests the entire fabric of the horoscope. In fact, all the other Bhavas Houses are very easily arrived at, after the longitude of the Dasama Bhava has been definitely ascertained. In the astronomical language, the Madhya Lagna may be described, as the culminating point of the ecliptic on the meridian. Astrologically speaking, the Dasama Bhava plays a very important part in the profes- sion, rather the means of livelihood of a person — otherwise known as Karma.

Rasi Chakra. The Rasi Chakra is simply a figure of the Fixed Zodiac with the limits and occu- pants of its 12 signs as well as Lagna clearly marked. Each sign is just one-twelfth part of the zodiac made up of 30 ecliptic degrees. Erroneous Conception of Bhava Chakra.

In other words, the Rasi Chakra is passed off for the Bhava Chakra and accordingly the predictions made. The reader is now aware of the definition of the Rasi Chakra and from what follows on the definition of the Bhava Chakra, he will realise the blunder, one would commit, if he took the former for the latter and the consequences that would inevitably follow. Bhava Chakra. See next Chap- ter for the definition of a House.

The Bhava Sphutam involves elaborate processes such as the determination of the limits — cusps of the various Bhavas Houses — comprehended as Bhava Sandhis and other details connected with them, which evidently form the subject matter of the succeeding chapter. Method of Determination of the Mid- heaven. This Natha may be either Prag , i.

It is Prag between midnight and midday and Paschad between midday and midnight. The Prag Natha comprehends two conditions : viz. Natha when subtracted from 30 ghatis gives Unnatha. Here it must be noted that Meridian refers to apparent noon and the Sun refers to the birth time.

After clearly understanding the meaning and significance of the words Natha and Unnatha, ascertain, if the birth has fallen in Pragnatha or Paschadnatha : In Pragnatha, a If the birth has occurred after sunrise, deduct the birth time from Dinardha half-diurnal duration. The result in both the cases is Pragnatha, i. In Paschadnatha, a If the birth has taken place in the after- noon and before sunset, deduct Dinar- dha from the birth time in ghatis. The above observations may be summarised thus : — Rule 1. Rule 2. In this case the interval is, L. Applying Rule 3, we get Gh. The result dimi- nished by Ayanamsa, gives Nirayana Madhya Lagna.

In Virgo have passed, Natha — Gh. Arc corresponding to Gh. Bhava or House. Bhava Madhyas. Kendra Bhavas. Determination of Kendra Bhavas. Non-Angular Houses. The rest, viz. The Madhyas of these bhavas are the points of trisection referred to above Articles 83 and Determination of Bhava Madhyas of Npn-angular Houses. First ascertain — rather deter- mine the ecliptic arcs between these four angles. Trisect each arc : for instance, trisect arc a. Again trisect arc b. Similarly deal with the other arcs for obtaining the Madhyas of the rest of the Bhavas. The four arcs may thus be determined.

Your Astrological Chart Cusp

East Horizon — Long, of Upper Meridian. Bhava Sandhis. The potency of the Bhava will be at its full in the Bhavamadhya and hence, it must begin somewhere and end somewhere. The influence of a planet will gradually rise when approaching Bhavamadhya, while it gradually diminishes from Bhavamadhya till it is practically nil at the Bhava Sandhi. The arambha-sandhi may be termed as the first point of the house, and the virama-sandhi, the last point. For instance the arambha-sandhi of the 1st Bhava will be the end-point of the 12th Bhava.

Similarly the virama-sandhi of the first Bhava will be the end-point of the Lagna and the arambha-sandhi of the second house and so on. In other words the Sandhi of a Bhava represents the beginning of the influence of one Bhava and the termination of the influence of the Bhava preceding it. Determination of Bhava Sandhis. The result represents sandhi. Poorva and Uttara Bhagas of Bhavas.

They can be ius determined : — 0 Rule 7. General Observations. Realising the fact that to a number of people who are anxious to apply the Hindu method of astrology, the Hindu almanacs will not be either accessible or intelli- gible, we have thought fit to include a chapter dealing with the method of computing the longitudes of planets, etc. Fortunately, that is not the case with you today. With a favourable alignment of the cosmos, you are set for a day where your business proposals will be the hardest thing to overlook.

Take bold and cautious steps as you launch your enterprise. Just remember, short-term gains are fine, but what you really want to focus on is the long-term goodwill of the people around you. Financial doldrums are headed your way today. In order to seek what you desire, expect shelling out a hefty price. You might just net those short-term goals in the evening. Ganesha foretells large and important business deals will end the day on a high note. Ganesha says you will have a good time with your family members and will have fun with them. You will also be able to organize a picnic or a party for your family members and enjoy the day with them.

Ganesha says you will go out for a trip to a religious place or temple, which will enhance your mind and ideas. Today promises to be a joy ride for your hidden gourmand side. Relish what you eat, and thank God for the good luck. Career wise, however, you may find yourself standing at a crossroads. But, the good part about that is there shall be many paths to choose from.

And, who knows the art of balancing better than you. The latter half of the day promises to bring some monetary gains. Ganesha sees a spectacular day in store for you, especially if you are an artist. Radio jockeys will be heard and cheered for. Television anchors will receive thundering applauses and golden opportunities.

Go ahead — seize the day! You have projected yourself as a confused individual. You may have a tendency to remain in a double mind. But, today you'll come up with a very specific plan that will surprise many of the people around you. Be clear about what you want to do in life, how you want your life to be and make sincere efforts to achieve it, guides Ganesha. Rest assured, success shall be with you! It's family time, and your near and dear will be mighty pleased. You will pamper and fuss over them, and will even pull funny faces to make them smile.

Your love and affection will undoubtedly pay off, and come back to you in more ways than one. Ganesha says you deserve a pat on the back for being so devoted to family. Your spiritual and religious streak comes to the fore. You will likely visit a place of worship to soothe your troubled soul. Meditative techniques may also be resorted to in your quest for peace and calm, says Ganesha. Jai Madaan tells us how to deal and what to do if you feel stuck in a relationship.